10 situations in which a child psychologist works
In recent decades, child psychology is receiving the importance and recognition it deserves as an essential therapeutic modality to ensure the mental health and well-being of children.
Fortunately, more and more parents are choosing to go to a child psychologist to treat any type of problem that their child may present at any level, and nowadays there are more and more areas of intervention in which a professional in this branch specializes. However, most people do not know exactly what types of problems are addressed in the consultation of a child psychologist . If this is your case, this article will interest you.
What are the main problems that a child psychologist treats?
If you want to know the main problems that a child psychologist treats, keep reading, as we will see their characteristics and symptoms (in the case of those that constitute a psychopathology).
1. Learning disorders
Learning disorders are one of the main specializations that child psychologists address in boys and girls. This type of alteration has part of its causes in the functioning of the brain and affects an essential area for the later development of the child: the correct learning at all levels of the educational system.
Early detection of this type of disorder will ensure that the child overcomes his problems in the educational environment; On the contrary, if the learning disorder is not detected in time, it can continue to cause many problems throughout the life of the person and because of that, other emotional, behavioral or cognitive disorders can also be added to the initial disorder .
The main learning disorders are dyslexia or specific learning disorder with difficulty in reading and dyscalculia or specific learning disorder with mathematical difficulties.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurobiological disorder that is expressed first in childhood, more present in boys than in girls, whose main symptoms are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
To be able to speak of a case of ADHD, these symptoms must not be caused by another medical problem, and they must interfere with the correct performance of the child, occurring very frequently.
Finally, it should be noted that ADHD is usually associated with other typical childhood disorders, among which learning disorders stand out.
3. Conduct disorder
Conduct disorder is made up of antisocial behavior patterns that usually appear in childhood and are related to aggressive and destructive behaviors that affect the public, private property or the physical integrity of other people, such as vandalism and theft. In addition, these types of disorders can be related to irresponsible behaviors such as truancy.
The causes of conduct disorder are considered to be multifactorial and are made up of biological predispositions and are caused by negative or unstructured family environments.
4. Lack of social skills
The lack of social skills in the children's environment are those that prevent or hinder a correct and normal functioning of the child in a social environment with other people. This results in a lack of friends, social anxiety, shyness, and excessive introversion.
5. Behavioral problems
Another area that child psychology professionals address in their consultations are behavioral problems of all kinds that the child or adolescent may present.
These types of problems are also based on a willingness to break the rules on the part of the child, but they are less serious than conduct disorders.
The most common behavior problems are tantrums in young children, deficits in anger control, aggressiveness or impulsivity.
6. Fears and phobias
Phobias and extreme fears that occur in childhood are other very common problems that can be present in the development of children until their adolescence, and like many other disorders, they must be treated during childhood to make it easier for the person not to keep them into adulthood.
There are many types of fears and phobias that usually appear in childhood and adolescence, and as in adults, these have very different causes, but in this case they are reinforced by the tendency to magical thinking of the little ones.
Thus, the most common childhood fears and phobias are fear of the dark, social phobias, fear of imaginary beings, school phobias and phobias of certain situations or objects.
7. Self-esteem problems
Children's self-esteem is the starting point of the person they will be in the future . That is why problems of this type in childhood can be a true source of long-term discomfort for the correct development of the child both emotionally, as well as cognitively and behaviorally.
These problems are currently one of the most common reasons for consultation in child psychologists, and the main problems of self-esteem in children and adolescents usually appear in the social, family, academic or physical sphere (the latter can be aggravated in adolescence) .
Traumas are intense and negative experiences that significantly affect the unconscious and by extension a person's life. In the case of childhood trauma, these can have a damaging influence on the person who suffers for decades if they are not treated as soon as possible during the first years of life .
There are many causes that a specific trauma can have; the main ones include cases of mistreatment or sexual abuse, intense fears, bullying or the sudden death of a loved one.
9. Family problems
Problems in the family environment are also common reasons for consultation both in child psychologists and in specialists in family psychology or mediation.
Family problems that are frequently addressed by a child psychologist are cases of parental separation or divorce, mismanagement of discussions about the rules to comply with at home, frequent fights with siblings or problems in the way of regulate the impulses of the little ones.
Finally, Autism Spectrum Disorders can be highlighted as reasons for routine intervention by a child psychologist, since they are psychopathologies that must be treated as soon as possible to enhance the quality of life of the people who develop them, taking into account that symptoms appear in childhood.
These disorders are neurological and developmental disorders that have effects on their way of communicating and behaving in society, as well as on the way in which the child learns; in many cases, they are associated with intellectual disability.
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