Alcoholism is a disorder

27.09.2020

Alcoholism is a very present disorder in our society, and in recent years it has spread to younger and younger people, among other things due to the leisure and recreation dynamics of adolescents in our country.

How to detect the warning signs that are expressed in the behavior of people addicted to alcohol? There are a series of essential characteristics, shared by those who have alcoholism, and knowing them is essential to identify them and go on to seek professional help.

The 9 basic characteristics of alcoholic behavior

If you are interested in knowing what are the typical characteristics of the behavior of an alcoholic, keep reading, because here you will see a summary. Of course, it is important to note that each of these behavior patterns can also occur individually in non-alcoholic people at specific times, and that is when they occur at the same time (all or many of them) and continuously throughout the time when alarms should go off.

1. Irritability

One of the main characteristics of people who suffer from alcoholism is the progressive increase in irritability, especially when the person has not been drinking for several hours or does not have access to an alcoholic beverage at any given time.

This irritability occurs more and more the greater the addiction to alcohol , and may sooner or later cause other more serious reactions such as aggressiveness and violent behaviors, after a long time of the habit of consuming.

That is why another of the signs that may indicate a case of alcoholism consists of constant discussions, which do not always have to be related to the person's addiction, and the general discomfort with the closest social circle, family and friends .

2. Drink alone

Another of the classic signs that characterize the behavior of the alcoholic is the tendency to drink alone regularly, especially when it is not during the meals of the day. In general, alcohol consumption is a social activity or linked to the table in which a lunch or dinner is shared with others, that is why the moment a person begins to drink on their own and in Loneliness, especially if it is not only in amounts that are only sufficient to quench thirst , implies a greater probability of having developed alcohol dependence.

Alcoholics tend to drink alone for many reasons, some of which may be to cope with depression or any other disorder associated with alcoholism, or the need to hide such use from others.

3. Always ensure the reservation of alcoholic beverages

People who suffer from alcoholism tend to show great interest in ensuring in advance the presence of alcoholic beverages in the place where they will spend time or where they live.

That interest in always having alcohol reserves available at home can be shown in public or also kept discreet so as not to raise suspicions among family members, roommates, etc.

4. Loss of social relationships

Another characteristic feature of alcoholic people is the progressive deterioration that their social relationships experience. This is due, again, to the irritability, bad mood or aggressiveness that these people usually show with their circle of friends and closest family, as well as the displacement of social relationships to a second plane in their list of priorities, since consuming becomes the main thing.

5. Increased tolerance

Alcoholics develop a high tolerance for alcohol, which translates to their ability to drink more than most people before noticing the intoxicating effects of any alcoholic beverage.

On the other hand, this also makes people with alcoholism more frustrated by finding it difficult to satisfy their desire to consume the amount of alcohol they feel they need to be well.

6. Physical and psychological degradation

Alcoholism is a tremendously destructive disease for the person who suffers from it and that has both physical and psychological effects, the longer the period of alcohol addiction lengthens.

Some physical symptoms of alcoholism are sweating, anxiety to drink, tremors, dizziness and vomiting, loss of self-care and also personal hygiene.

As we have seen, psychological symptoms are usually irritability, mood swings, loss of control over oneself, isolation and recurrent memory loss, but it must also be taken into account that many forms of addiction cause them to skyrocket. the chances of developing other severe psychological and psychiatric disorders , such as schizophrenia (if there is a genetic predisposition).

7. Withdrawal syndrome

When an alcohol addict stops consuming alcoholic beverages for a time, he usually experiences a withdrawal syndrome, which is another unmistakable characteristic that we are dealing with a case of alcoholism.

This withdrawal syndrome is also linked to a series of physical symptoms that usually appear after 8 hours from the cessation of the last alcohol consumption , the most relevant being: cold sweat, palpitations, nausea, anxiety and nightmares .

8. Tendency to denial

Alcoholic people tend to deny their condition to other people and tend to get angry when someone tries to talk to them about it and become defensive at all times.

Another of the classic characteristics of an alcoholic is to rationalize his disorder whenever someone tries to talk to him about his problem, and to make excuses that relieve him of all responsibility. This does not mean that they are "bad people" , in many cases it is usually the result of the development of the disease. Unfortunately, it is sometimes difficult to convince them to go to therapy, which means that by the time they finally see professionals, the problem has worsened.

9. Change in daily habits

Another of the signs by which alcoholism can be detected in a person is the fact of changing habits in all aspects of life .

And it is that, people with alcoholism can end up changing their hygiene habits, to the point of neglecting it, their eating habits, the healthy activities that they carried out before the addiction, such as playing sports, and even changing the circle of friends . Also, their sleep schedule is often disorganized and with ups and downs.

Sigmund Freud confessed in his letters that he was afraid to travel. He called this type of anxiety "Reiseangst", although to this day, this particular phobia is known differently and defines a condition associated with generalized anxiety disorders.

Sleeping is a must. If we want to perform physically and mentally the next day, it is necessary that we have enjoyed a good sleep the night before. Only by having good sleep hygiene can we wake up rested and full of energy.

According to Harvard psychologist and author of The Sociopath Next Door , Martha Stout, one in 25 people is a sociopath . This can represent a real problem for today's society.