Level of pleasure and happiness
Social cohesion is related to the degree of satisfaction and well-being of the members of a certain group or the whole of society. The more there is, the less exclusion and marginality there are in the community.
Group cohesion can be achieved taking into account several factors, both as causers and influencing it. Furthermore, it can have consequences, both positive and negative, which, together with the definition of this idea, we will see below.
What is social cohesion?
Social cohesion is understood as the degree of consensus of the members of a social group and the perception of belonging to a common project. That a group is very cohesive means that its members have strong relationships, with good interaction.
The relationships between leaders or rulers and followers or ruled are perceived as fair and, for this reason, cohesion is seen as a conditioning factor of social and economic development.
Many factors could be identified within social cohesion, but these are related to four essential components: social relationships, work relationships, unity and the emotions of the members of the group.
The combination of each of these four elements is what allows communication and cooperation in the group, which will not only enhance group cohesion, but will also facilitate social growth.
Social cohesion involves dynamic processes, both motivational and group maintenance. Thus, cohesion could be defined, according to Leon Festinger in 1950, as the total field of forces acting on the members to remain in the group. These forces are acquired by the group, with which they remain united and function as motivators for the coexistence of the members.
High social cohesion is the product of an egalitarian society, given that its members feel highly part of the community itself, without being victims of marginality, exclusion or their fundamental rights being violated.
Its members are part of the same group, with common interests and needs, respecting each other. A reduced degree of social cohesion is related to a very volatile society, with many possibilities of unleashing social confrontation and violence.
How to achieve group cohesion?
Group cohesion is not a spontaneous phenomenon. For it to occur, be it the size of the group or, to its fullest extent, society, it is necessary for all those involved to make efforts to achieve the common objectives, accepting the differences of the other members of the group. In this way the social fabric is strengthened and great progress will be made.
Among the causes behind high group cohesion we can find:
The idea has been proposed that social cohesion is the result of a high attraction among members of the group or society, understood as a high degree of interest and concern for other members.
If group members have positive feelings about each other, ties will be strengthened and, to a greater or lesser extent, there will be social cohesion.
2. Group pride
Social cohesion can be caused by feelings of pride regarding the group itself. In other words, people have a strong feeling of appreciation for the idea of "we", feeling as part of the group and seeing it as a whole, not necessarily homogeneous, but in which characteristics are shared.
Teamwork helps group members feel more united by sharing joint tasks, increasing the feeling of an in-group and collaborating in achieving common goals.
During teamwork, people show great interdependence and tend to have feelings of responsibility towards the group. Unity ties contribute to the achievement of objectives.
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